Kidneys Failure : Significant issue

Kidneys are very much important organs of human body. The human body has two kidneys. They are existed just above the waist. In adulthood a kidney is 11-13 cm long, 5-6 cm wide and 3 cm thick. A kidney weighs about 150 grams. However, the left kidney is slightly larger and slightly higher than the right kidney. Each kidney is made up of about 12 million nephrons. The nephron is the functional and structural unit of the kidney. When these nephrons are damaged for any reason, the kidneys quickly become useless. are such kind of human organs which function is filtering waste substances from human body. Kidneys are the main excretory organ. Kidneys keep balance of fluids of the body as well as control the blood pressure through emitting waste products from blood.  kidneys also control the blood pH level as well.


Causes of Acute Kidneys failure 

  • Dehydration ( inadequate drinking water)
  • Kidney stones
  • Liver Affected
  • Taking excessive alcohol
  • Heart failure 
  • Urinary tract infection 
  • Taking Excessive painkillers 

Symptoms of Kidneys Failure

The main symptoms of kidney disease are sudden decrease in the amount of urine, changes in the quantity and number of urine especially at night, excessive urination, excess foam in the urine, blood and protein in the urine, accumulation of water around the eyes and ankles, burning sensation in the urine and abnormalities. Odor, increased anemia, headache and body itching, nausea, stones with urine, swelling of the whole body including hands, feet, mouth, glomerular filtration rate less than 90.Moreover the symptoms are as follows:

  • Back pain
  • Joint pain 
  • Shortness of breathing
  • Stomach pain
  • Loss of appetite


  1.  Imaging Test:

  •  Angiogram
  •  MRI

    2.  Blood test

  • serum creatinine
  • Urine test

3. Kidney Biopsy

How Kidneys work 

Kidney disease usually affects two kidneys at the same time. Numerous biochemical reactions are constantly taking place in our body. The contaminants produced by these reactions are absorbed into the bloodstream. And the kidneys filter the blood through its filters and expel the contaminants (urea, uric acid, ammonia, creatinine. from the body along with the urine. In this way the kidneys protect our body from toxic and harmful wastes. In addition, the kidneys have other functions.

Risk Factor : Patients who have blood pressure & Diabetes.


To keep healthy kidneys:

 Avoid of drinking excessive alcohol 



 Drink adequate of water

Drink at least 8 glasses (2 liters) of pure water daily. However, in case of exercise or physical activity, it is necessary to drink more water.


 Never delay to emit urine at proper time

Monitor weight & healthy diet

 Avoid of taking excessive salt

Monitor Blood pressure

 Control diabetes 

Drink plenty of fluids. 

Avoid  smoking as early as possible.

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